Pilot site “Iles-de-Mars / Olympiades district”
(City of Pont de Claix)
Urban regeneration in a social-housing neighbourhood. After a strong consultation process with inhabitants, the municipality has launched works to open a pedestrian path between 2 blocks of buildings, that were initially separated by closed sport grounds. Inhabitants of the 2 blocks were separated and therefore creating social relationship within the whole neighbourhood was difficult. Moreover, a public pavilion was installed next to the sports ground, and was exclusively appropriated by young people for sometimes illegal activities (deal).
The new public space will physically and visually open the space, create a new pedestrian path, new playgrounds, new sport ground, and will create as well urban gardens and a new pavilion.
Members of the “core” ULSG: municipality (social affairs and urban planning departments), and the 2 social landlords who own the 2 blocks of the district.
The LSG has decided to work on supporting the new uses that will be created by the new public space. This support is needed at each step of the project:
During the works, in order to involve people in this change occurring to their neighbourhood, to explain the expected uses of each part of the new public space, and to create a collective awareness around this major change.
After the works, to help people to use the new public space, to monitor those uses so as no problem of “bad” and unexpected use occurs, and to be able to make some slight changes to the public space so as it functions well.
For this purpose, a “uses support group” has been launched, with the core LSG and local NGOs, institutions, involved inhabitants. Its goal is to coordinate all the activities implemented with inhabitants on site, to make them coherent for reaching the above mentioned goals. This group shall set up and implement a strategy to support the uses in the long term.
The first activity of the group has been to organize a convivial event during the official inauguration of the works, on May, 13th. Its goal was to make it a red-letter day in the life of the neighbourhood. This event gathered inhabitants of the 2 blocks, NGOs, local politicians.
Pilot site “Renaudie District”
(City of Saint Martin d’Hères)
Renaudie neighbourhood has a very complex architectural shape, that nowadays is the source of important dysfunctions. Indeed it’s a quite isolated district, with a lot of superimposed covered paths, hidden patios, private gardens or patios badly separated from the public spaces… The population is mostly disadvantaged and there is a lot of security issues (deal, car fires, feeling of insecurity…).
After a strong consultation with inhabitants, the municipality has launched a wide study to identify the uses and the main problems of this district, to get an idea of the priority interventions to be done. At the same time, works will soon been launched on a square with no or bad uses. The works will consist in better separating the private patios and the public space, to improve the readability of the site, in order to make it more attractive for re-boosting the shops around, and to reduce the feeling of insecurity.
The members of the core ULSG are the municipality and the social landlords (who own the main part of Renaudie’s housings).
Like in the other pilot site, the LSG will work on how to support the new uses created by the new layout of the square.
It will also work on the topic of ownership. Indeed in Renaudie the limit between public or private ownership is not clear on the public space, at it has consequences on its uses. For instance the private patios, being badly separated from the public space, are used to throw up garbage and no inhabitant rest on them. Or, some private squares are used by all inhabitants. Or again, the teams in charge of waste collection on public spaces are forced to pick them up on private spaces as well, as the limits are not clear between those spaces.
Urban area LSG
Experience-sharing and dissemination
The core ULSG is constituted of 6 persons, mostly the one involved in the 2 above mentioned projects and Grenoble Alpes Métropole.
At the urban area scale, an experience-sharing network on social and urban policies is animated by a public organization, “Centre de ressource GUSP”.
The core ULSG will feed the activities of this structure on USER topic by:
giving ideas of working sessions, of small projects in relation with USER topic,
disseminating the activities of the 2 pilot sites during the working sessions
disseminating experiences of the transnational meetings during the working sessions.
The first of these working sessions will be held at the end of September, on the topic “how to watch the new uses occurring on a newly created public space?”
During this session, a team of Grenoble Municipality will present its experience on monitoring the uses created by a new layout of a space between housing blocks. The 2 USER sites will also describe their activities on this topic, and some other sites (to be identified) will also share their experiences. A researcher (maybe a sociologist) will give the audience an academical background on the issue as well.
The targeted audience is wide: municipalities (and all the different departments involved in urban policy topic inside), social landlords, inhabitants associations, other NGOs…
The aim of such a working session is to create a common knowledge between the professionals involved on public spaces within the agglomeration.
Another idea shall be worked on during the project. It is to build collectively a self-assessment tool to monitor the uses on a newly created public space. It could help cities to take a step back after a creation or a rearrangement of a public space, in order to identify the dysfunction and design corrective actions if needed.